THE BENEFITS OF CBD
WHAT IS CBD?
Most people are familiar with THC. THC is the psychoactive ingredient found in the marijuana plant. It's the cannabinoid that gets people high. There is another ingredient within the plant that also has remarkable health benefits too! That ingredient is CBD, or Cannabidol, and is rapidly becoming the focus of interest in both medical research and consumer demand.
WHERE DOES CBD COME FROM?
The cannabis plant(typically known as marijuana) is one source of CBD. But cannabis also contains high levels of THC and under U.S. Federal law it is also considered an illegal drug. The cannabis plant has a cousin - its name is "HEMP". Unlike cannabis, hemp contains little to no THC and scientists have discovered how to extract therapeutic and medicinal CBD oil from hemp. Products produced from industrial hemp are not classified as a drug and are legal to sell.
HEALTH BENEFITS OF CBD
The health benefits of Cannabidol(CBD) are well established. The science is clear. We all have an endocannabinoid system(ECS). The ECS is a group of endogenous cannabinoid receptors located in the brain and throughout the central and peripheral nervous systems. CBD Specifically interacts with CB1 and CB2 receptors that send signals to wake up and strengthen the immune system naturally. This is because our ECS is intricately linked to our nervous system and immune system, as well as our brain and digestive system.
CBD: HEMP VS. MARIJUANA
While HEMP and MARIJUANA effects differ, both are a species of the Cannabaceae genus.
The hemp plant is a complete protein containing all the essential amino acids. Hemp effects also include antioxidative and anti-inflammatory benefits.
There’s one significant difference between how hemp affects the endocannabinoid system: marijuana triggers a psychoactive effect on the endocannabinoid system.
While marijuana can create a euphoric feeling throughout the body, hemp doesn’t have the same effect on the endocannabinoid system.
HEMP cannot get you high.
CBD Extraction: 3 Types
Full-spectrum CBD is the most minimally processed type of CBD concentrate. It contains every plant material that can be extracted including cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and fatty acids.
Broad Spectrum CBD contains everything that full spectrum CBD contains, except for the THC.
CBD isolate is 99+% pure CBD that has been completely isolated from all other cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and fatty acids.
Full-spectrum products are often preferred because they’re most accommodating to the entourage effect - when nothing is excluded, every ingredient can work in harmony.
COMMON CBD PRODUCTS
For CBD, tinctures and oils - consumption forms focused on the ease of medicating - make up nearly half (47%) of the total US market. In fact, CBD users across the board ranked vape cartridges, tinctures, oils, and topicals as top choices. (In the marijuana-derived market, on the other hand, tinctures and oils comprise just 7.4% of all sales, and sugar candy leads with 28% of the market.)
CBD Vape Pen
CBD AS AN ALTERNATE TO OPIODS
According to the US Department of Health and Human Services, 116 people die from opioid-related drug overdoses every day, and nearly 80% of heroin users reported misusing prescription opioids prior to heroin.
Opioid medications disrupt pain signals by binding to receptors in the brain and spinal cord. Then, they trigger the release of dopamine, causing a euphoric “high.”
This second mechanism is responsible for these drugs’ potential for abuse. The body develops a dependence on the medication over time. When an opioid-dependent person stops using these substances, they experience painful and dangerous withdrawal symptoms.
CBD AS A CURE
One way that CBD could help is by providing an alternative treatment for pain, allowing patients to skip opioid medications altogether.
CBD, whether alone or as a component of whole-plant cannabis preparations, may also be useful as an adjunct treatment for pain. This could help patients to reduce their reliance on opioid painkillers.
Finally, CBD may be helpful in preventing relapses after people stop using opioids, supporting their recovery from addiction.
CBD & THC: The Entourage Effect
There are nearly 500 components found in the cannabis plant and less than 15 percent of those components are classified as “cannabinoids” such as CBD and THC.
As each of these cannabinoids possess different healing effects, the ratio of CBD to THC entourage effect determines how the plant affects the human body.
he other ingredients include amino acids, hydrocarbons, flavonoids, terpenes and a host of other constituents.All of these work together to provide therapeutic value.
CBD + THC + Terpenes
Cannabinoids and Terpenes
Terpenes and cannabinoids both increase blood flow, enhance brain activity, and kill respiratory pathogens, among other benefits.
According to Dr. Ethan Russo, the synergy between the compounds “could produce synergy with respect to treatment of pain, inflammation, depression, anxiety, addiction, epilepsy, cancer, fungal and bacterial infections.”